HQ Bank announces involuntary liquidation

Swedish investment bank HQ has failed to find a solution to enable it to continue trading and the process of involuntary liquidation has been set in motion, the bank confirmed in a statement.

HQ Bank announces involuntary liquidation

The board of the bank has approved the liquidator proposed by the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (Finansinspektionen – FI), the lawyer Björn Riese, and will give him their support, according to the statement.

The statement details an “almost finalized negotiated solution”, which proved impossible to carry out.

“This solution relied on FI reconsidering its decision to revoke HQ Bank’s licence as a result of the proposed change in ownership,” the board wrote.

The board does not detail what that solution was, but late Sunday it emerged that FI had rejected a deal which would mean investment bank Carnegie becoming the new owner.

Carnegie was the only actor with a completed proposal for a takeover, according to a report in the Dagens Industri (DI) business daily.

DI wrote that Nordea had also looked into the possibility of buying HQ Bank, as a well as venture capital firm EQT, Handelsbanken, SEB, Norwegian DnB as well as investment firm ABG Sundal Collier.

The Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (Finansinspektionen – FI) said HQ Bank had seriously overvalued its trading portfolio and had taken risks that threatened its survival.

FI announced the withdrawal of HQ Bank’s licence on Saturday saying that the firm was in breach of Swedish accounting and capital requirement regulations as its financial position had been reported inaccurately, with a correct valuation indicating that the bank has been undercapitalised since 2008.

“A bank can not behave like this. The fact that they took action when they were caught does not mean there are extenuating circumstances. We see no other option but to revoke the licence,” said FI’s director general Martin Andersson said in announcing the decision.

HQ Bank’s information head Eric Amcoff confirmed on Sunday that intensive discussions have been ongoing to try to find a solution but he was unwilling to comment on the details.

When asked how the forced liquidation would affect the bank’s customers Amcoff said that during the whole process they have worked to protect customers’ funds.

“We are not insolvent and our liquidity is not threatened. But from now on the responsibility lies with FI and the liquidators,” he said.

HQ Banks describes itself as a bank for “major investors.”

It manages some 60 billion kronor ($8.1 billion) from a total of around 20,000 depositors, and around 900 customers of the bank have deposits over the deposit guarantee limit of half a million kronor ($67,000), according to Swedish media.

Requests for further information were turned down, a person who answered the phone at HQ Bank saying it was closed.

On its website, HQ Bank said it was closed on Monday because the liquidator, “who has taken on the role as the bank’s managing director and board,” had to familiarise himself with the bank’s situation before operations could be continued.

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Five questions before buying a Sweden home

The Swedish financial watchdog recently scrapped plans for new mortgage rules, meaning you can still buy a home in Sweden and never pay off the full loan. Here's The Local's guide to the five main things you need to know before taking your first step on to the property ladder in the Nordic country.

Five questions before buying a Sweden home
Here's what you need to know before buying a home in Sweden. Photo: Fredrik Sandberg/SCANPIX

1. Can I afford a home in Sweden?

With its chilly winter climate and famously expensive restaurants, Sweden might not seem like the obvious place to move to or buy a holiday home in. But Johan Vesterberg, head of press for Sweden's largest estate agent, Fastighetsbyrån recently told The Local that with just a €100,000 budget (£72,000, $106,009, 933,210 kronor) “you can find a decent property in most parts of the country, it will just be a question of size”, especially if you stay away from the coast and avoid the nation's major cities. And with record-low interest rates, now is the time to strike.

While in many other countries the rules of borrowing are quite simple (letting you borrow, say, up to five times your salary), in Sweden it's a bit more complicated with many factors involved.

Here's a quick example though, according to SBAB's (the nation's state-owned mortgage broker) mortgage calculator. Say you wanted to buy a 50-130 square metre house in Stockholm municipality and were able to pay 10,000 kronor towards it a month (including paying off your mortgage, housing association fees and utilities costs), you would be able to borrow 1,812,254 kronor (85 percent of the property's value) to buy a home for approximately 2,132,064 kronor, paying a cash deposit for the remaining 15 percent.

However, it is not an exact science and you should always discuss potential property purchases with your bank manager or lawyer first.

Swedish dream homes are cheaper than you think. Photo: Johan Willner/

2. How does the viewing process work?

If you're looking for a home in the Gothenburg, Malmö or Stockholm areas, make sure you approach estate agents as soon as you're thinking of buying. Rising prices and high demand for apartments in Sweden's three largest cities have led to a growing number of properties being sold without public viewings, according to a survey carried out by SBAB.

The shift brings Sweden closer to the approach favoured in other European countries such as the UK, where customers in property hotspots are often granted private viewings. However, the most common approach in Sweden is still for potential customers to attend an open house viewing before they submit their bids for the property.

3. How do I win the bidding war?

Via text message. Yes, you read that right. In tech-savvy Sweden, the bidding process is often done by sending the amount you're willing to pay for the property in an SMS to the property agent until your fellow prospective buyers back out and a price is agreed on.

Rent a home in Sweden with The Local

In many parts of the world, the seller sets the price and then negotiates with potential buyers, with the final price landing somewhere in the middle. In Sweden, buyers try to outbid each other – often resulting in a windfall for the seller. Make sure you meet with your bank beforehand to agree on how high you are able to go as there are no legal regulations on these bidding wars, which tend to push costs well above the asking price – especially in attractive city regions. Tor Borg, chief economist at SBAB told The Local that his main advice for customers was to “keep your head calm and don't get engaged in offering a price that you cannot afford”.

READ MORE: One in five flats sold before viewing starts

The whole process is usually lightning fast. Bidding starts just days after the public viewing and, if the final price is satisfactory to the seller, the deal can be closed within the week. Before you know it, you're a home owner and a member of a 'bostadsrättsförening', a Swedish housing association.

4. What exactly does a housing association do?

When you buy a home in Sweden, especially if it is an apartment, you are likely to become a member of the tenant-owner association which formally owns the building. You have to pay a monthly fee to the association, which can have a huge effect on your living costs, so don't forget to check how much it is before you buy.

The housing association manages things like maintenance, the building's finances and other issues that might arise. It appoints a board of directors to represent the organization at the annual meeting of members, which are notorious for their wild debates on everything from large building renovations to finding out who forgot to remove the fluff from the dryer in the common laundry room.

The process from finding a home to buying it is lightning fast. Photo: Pontus Lundahl/SCANPIX

5. How do I pay off my mortgage?

In Sweden, house buyers usually need to be able to pay at least 15 percent of the cost up front, with mortgage providers offering a loan of up to 85 percent of the value of the property. You can choose how fast you would like to pay off your loan. 

Mortgages account for 95 percent of Swedes' total debt, and borrowers currently hold a mortgage debt 3.7 times higher than their annual income. Up until recently mortgage holders did not have to pay off their loan, but Sweden has now created a rule that they must 'amortize', as the concept of repaying your loan in increments is known, after concerns that Swedes were accumulating debts they could never repay.

Let The Local help you find an apartment in Sweden.

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