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Most young Swedes don't use condoms: study

TT/Rebecca Martin · 5 Apr 2011, 12:19

Published: 05 Apr 2011 12:19 GMT+02:00

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The study, which is the largest of its kind in Sweden to date, showed that Swedish youngsters only used a condom during sexual intercourse three times out of ten.

One of the reasons behind the disappointing numbers is that young Swedes put too much trust in contraceptive pills and too little in condoms, according to Karin Stenqvist, an expert on sexually transmitted disease from Gothenburg University.

“Because the contraceptive pill is supposed to make you 99 percent safe from unwanted pregnancy and the condom 92 percent, many feel that the pill is safer. But that only applies if the pill is taken meticulously,” she told the Local.

The study also showed that 60 percent of those that had become pregnant had been on the pill or using an intra-uterine device like the coil when they conceived.

As a rule, the recommendations in Sweden are to use both the pill and a condom. The former to avoid unwanted pregnancy and the latter to avoid STDs. But according to Karin Stenqvist this works against the use of a condom.

“This is not a feasible alternative for the broad public and there are few young people that choose to use both. Instead the condom becomes a second choice and often is not used at all,” she said.

To promote condom use, it is also imperative that boys and young men be encouraged to make a more active contraception choice. Today youth clinics cater mostly to young women seeking contraceptive advice.

“Boys must be welcomed at youth clinics and be taught to use a condom. They should not be excluded from this choice,” said Stenqvist.

In daily Dagens Nyheter on Tuesday, Karin Stenqvist, along with two others wrote a debate article urging the Swedish health service to throw out outdated advice centred around the contraceptive pill and upgrade the condom as a adequate mode of protection against both unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.

Story continues below…

In Sweden it has been practice to prescribe the contraceptive pill to sexually active women at an early age in order to beat teenage pregnancy and cut abortion rates.

Despite this, Sweden has the highest number of teenage abortions in the Nordic countries.

15,000 young Swedes between the ages of 15 and 29 took part in the survey answering questions regarding their sexuality carried out by Gothenburg University.

TT/Rebecca Martin (news@thelocal.se)

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Your comments about this article

13:32 April 5, 2011 by Nemesis
What is going through there minds not to use a condom.

If they do not want children and sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, then they need to use a condom.

I thought they had sex education in Sweden.
13:36 April 5, 2011 by jl23
More like what is NOT going through their minds Nemesis. Ever been a teenager?
13:40 April 5, 2011 by IntricateMind
No glove no love yo!
13:43 April 5, 2011 by kaze
This study is bullshit.
13:54 April 5, 2011 by krrodman
Very early in the AIDS crisis, the AMA did a simple study on the sexual habits of young adults which was quite telling. They asked three simple questions:

Are you sexually active?

Have you heard of AIDS?

Do you use a condom?

They then repeated the very same study 5 years later when the AIDS epidemic was at its peak and virtually everyone had heard of AIDS.

Here are the results:

Are you sexually active? 95% of respondents in both studies were sexually active.

Have you heard of AIDS? Early in the AIDS crisis only 50% had heard of AIDS, but by the time the study was repeated 99% had heard of AIDS.

Do you use a condom? Early in the AIDS crisis 20% were using a condom. In the repeat study the use of condoms went up to 33%.

The early study demonstrates what we all intuitively understand - It is much easier to impart knowledge than change behavior. This new Swedish study demonstrates that little as changed in 25 years. My guess is that virtually every young Swede, both male and female, has knowledge of AIDS and STDs. Yet, it remains very difficult to get them to use a condom.
13:58 April 5, 2011 by lordsandwich
The problem is that the condom is unconformable, reduced feeling, and it just stops the flow of the foreplay. I guess that ultimately the only reason to really wear a condom (if other contraceptives are used) is AIDS. Most other STDs might be a pain, but curable. I bet that if AIDS was curable tomorrow, the rate of usage of condoms will drop even further. Given that the AIDS rate is very low already and primarily concentrated around certain types of people, then why bother? Just make sure you take the pill religiously
14:32 April 5, 2011 by Rick Methven
If the youths who are sexually active but do not use a condom where asked if they where in a monogamous sexual relationship, that might shed more light on things. As lordsandwich says condoms are passion killers, they may be effective in reducing STD's however if the relationship is monogamous then the risk is much lower.
14:43 April 5, 2011 by lordsandwich

Indeed, there's no reason to use condoms in a monogamous relationship with a trusted partner.
14:54 April 5, 2011 by Rishonim
Had they conducted the same study with people 25+ they would be shocked to find the percentage of condom user's to be far less. I have both male and female friends in their 30's with an average of three sexual partners per week and would never even consider using a rubber.
15:32 April 5, 2011 by Tanskalainen
Perhaps special "mini-condoms" could be be distributed in Sweden. Obviously the standard size is way too large.
15:32 April 5, 2011 by Swedesmith
Damn, Rishonim. I gotta start hanging around you more.
15:34 April 5, 2011 by Seamus Guevara
I thought not wearing a dickie jacket was considered rape in sweden these days?
15:48 April 5, 2011 by Twiceshy2
Not using condoms when having three sexual partners per week seems really risky.
15:57 April 5, 2011 by Rick Methven
"Not using condoms when having three sexual partners per week seems really risky. "

At my age, just having 3 sexual partners a week with or without a rubber would be really risky.

One can still dream though!
16:15 April 5, 2011 by Rishonim
@Swedesmith. LOL. Your score chances would increase;-)

@Twiceshy2. The scary thing is they don't even think of the risk. Yet, they would not dare have a beer and drive.

@Rick or having the stamina to have sex three times a week with the same partner could also be risky ;-))
16:21 April 5, 2011 by star10
This is a time bomb for HIV epidemics.
16:22 April 5, 2011 by Rick Methven

3 times a week, I should be so lucky

More like 3 times a year
16:28 April 5, 2011 by Rishonim
@Rick, I have been there and that's why I got divorced.
16:47 April 5, 2011 by Rick Methven
Its a matter of the mind being willing but the flesh being weak
17:15 April 5, 2011 by Javlaengelsman
@star10...The doom prophets have been been predicting an AIDs plague fo 30 years... Where is it? It only happened in Sub Sarahan Africa. Every few years new hysteia to always keep affraid of something is whipped up... so governments can say they are protecting you, media companies incahoots with governements, can jump on the gravey train to deliver the message... Life is for enjoying & everyone knows that you will very soon forget the cold anticepic rubbish sex you had with the girl who made you wear the ridiculous looking and feeling apparell... You can't live you life being affraid of everything... Think for yourselves.
21:31 April 5, 2011 by lili2010
We need to teach our children to wait until marriage!!!
21:51 April 5, 2011 by EP
Any surprise then that Sverige has a national chlamydia day with a new case of chlamydia appearing every 15 minutes. Despite appearances cultured and smart the Swedes are not.
21:52 April 5, 2011 by gplusa
It's clearly genetic. Their parents didn't use one either.
23:00 April 5, 2011 by city_walker
Who are these people?! The risk is 'very low'?!?! Are you guys for real?! You will forget about your health and your life because the risk is 'very low'?!?! Say this to all hiv patients! 'Certain kinds of people?' Are you kidding me? Of course, not nice people, like you! And there are much more diseases. So not using a condom is super dumb! AND it puts your partner in danger!
23:20 April 5, 2011 by Grandson of Swedish Emigrants
Obviously, the story of Wikileaks founder Julian Assange being extradited from the UK to Sweden for rape (because he didn't use a condom) is too new.

I am sure that once Swedish youth understand that even consenting sex with a legal age partner without a condom can be classified as rape and is such an offense to the public that Swedish police can have you arrested in another country, then eventually extradited to Sweden.
00:25 April 6, 2011 by Swedesmith
@gplusa That's funny. Say did you hear the one about the famous Indian Chief, Broken Rubber?
04:19 April 6, 2011 by kiskin
But HIV and AIDS is only an African problem at large. SO why worry when other STDs are not as dangerous?.

More and more sexual freedom iswhat they want...
04:44 April 6, 2011 by Boyfriend
"Most young Swedes don't use condoms: study"

Condoms is very expensive in Sweden and I am sure many can not afford it. Young Swede got no Money to be honest to buy it, Stop wasting money on these kind of study Provide free condoms to all not only youngs but to all who needs it.

Also advise them to get married and have family planning it the best. At least you would not be a murderer who for 3 min enjoyments then make the female pregnant and then asks the doctors to kill (abort) the babies. Wasting tax payers money .

How many babies are being killed (aborted) each day in Europe it is shocking .
04:59 April 6, 2011 by Raiha
@Lordsandwich #6 - "the only reason to really wear a condom ... is AIDS. Most other STDs might be a pain, but curable."

Maybe this is why Swedes don't wear condoms - because they're painfully ignorant.

1. Hepatitis C - incurable, manageable, but like AIDS, cancer, and even diabetes, an eventual death sentence

2. Genital Herpes - incurable, painful bouts for life

3. Human Papilloma Virus - incurable, causes cervical cancer

4. All other STD's left untreated lead to pelvic inflammatory disease in women, resulting in blocked fallopian tubes and possible infertility.

One thing that's always made me wonder: Why do men who DO use condoms, feel so precious about protecting their P, but have no worries putting their unprotected tongue there?
07:30 April 6, 2011 by Jackdempsey187
Agree that condoms are way too expensive here.
08:53 April 6, 2011 by positiveguy
Living with STD? You are not alone.Find others with same STD at site named STDmingle. com. You may be upset and think your life is over. However, once you settle down and learn the facts, you'll realize that having STD is not the end of the world, and it's not the end of your social life.
09:31 April 6, 2011 by Javlaengelsman
Get grip get a perspective... If you are a Woman & don't have sex with bisexual/homosexual men or men who inject drugs, don't have anal sex and don't have sex just before during and just after your peoriod, for Men, Never have sex with other men, never inject drugs or never have sex with people from Sub Sarharan Africa then you could have great feeling, spontanious motivated, natural EXHILLERATING sex... that everyone very well knows... that you only experience with sex without the dreaded condom. And if you are one of these people (to bad for the others) then even if you are lucky enought to have sex with a different person every single day of the year... (depending on you desire) as long as you are a member of the above group, without a condom & by FAR more dangerous & by far more at risk are you statisticaly, litterally 1000s of times more likely to die or suffer lasting serious injury or illness if you do ANY not all of the following ordinary things that everyone does in their daily lives.. They are, Drum roll... : Drive a car, ride as a passenger in a car, ride a bicycle in any urban area, everytime you cross the road, smoke cigarettes. Haveing sex with a different person every day of the year (even if you could) with member of the oppisite sex of the above group is so much safer litterally 1000s of times safer than doing ANY of these things. So much so that your chance of even comming into contact with HIV let alone catching it is so infinitisimally small that you would have to be a hysteric personality to worry about it...

Think about it... Be rational, don't allow yourselves to be indoctrinated, THINK for yourselves...

Oh @positivieguy.. Get lost from this site! SPAMMER!
09:33 April 6, 2011 by thirdview
everybody should feel the responsibility when it comes to sex, the side effect is not with only the partners but will affect others also.

Its kind of chain reaction
09:41 April 6, 2011 by Javlaengelsman
Thirdview, you must be affraid of everything. How do you step outside your front door, how do you cope with all the dangers OMG around every corner, behind every tree?
19:01 April 6, 2011 by mkvgtired
I only saw one person mention pregnancy as a side effect. I use a condom with anonymous partners not only because of STDs but pregnancy. I would leave the decision to get an abortion up to the woman, but dont like the extent that abortion is being used as birth control. It is pretty sad actually.
06:48 April 7, 2011 by volvoman9
NewsID: 33026

URL: http://www.thelocal.se/33026/#comments


Comment: There seems to be a lot of ignorance posted here. Monogamous relationships aside when you have intercourse with another you are effectively having sex with every individual this person has ever had sex with and conversely every person each of their former partners has had sex with. Do the math; it's staggering. If condom use was more common the cost might drop. The cost of STDs or an unwanted pregnancy is much greater. Those that think they are safe by some voodoo logic are only fooling themselves.

Error: Could not get user ID
15:18 April 8, 2011 by MarshaLynn
Or, society could consider encouraging monogamy. Yes, I realize that is so passe. Why, what fun is that? We should be free to be animals at all times, including the youth!! Sexual expression anywhere and everywhere at all times with whomever is a good enough lifestyle for the animals, so why not us, right? Oh, if we could only do something about those pesky problems of STDs and unwanted pregnancy. I frankly am so tired of listening to those old people with old ideas telling youth to remain chaste until marriage; and then, after marriage, remain faithful to one's spouse.

MONOGAMY -- try it!!!! No STDs. No unwanted pregnancies. No destroyed lives due to sexual promiscuity.

You want self-respect? Try monogamy.

Are you a young female who wants to avoid depression? Don't have sex until you are married. (Look up the studies that report that young women who have sex outside marriage have a higher than usual rate of depression as a result. And also look up the studies that show a link between abortion and depression, not to mention abortion and breast cancer.)

Do you think that sexual promiscuity is the road to happiness? If you do, it's because you have been lied to. The end of the tale of the Western European and North American experiment with sexual promiscuity has not been told as yet.
08:53 April 9, 2011 by Minnesota NyViking
If it's "first time sex", they aren't going to get venereal disease...but you might get a few more Swedes.

What is the state complaining about? They need more slaves to pay for the welfare state.
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