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Sweden's hemspråk: teaching kids their parents' language

Karen Holst · 12 May 2011, 09:17

Published: 12 May 2011 09:17 GMT+02:00

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Most people agree that language skills and cultural awareness are key factors helping immigrants and new arrivals establish themselves in Sweden, or any other country.

For children—be they born to Swedish parents in Sweden or to immigrant parents in another country, schools often serve as the primary arena for learning a language, as well as the social and cultural cues that will help them understand and navigate their way in Swedish society.

But how schools and parents address the issue of adapting or supplementing schooling for children with a different mother tongue than Swedish is also seen by many to be a critical component in a child’s development, which has led to a polarising debate in both the political and educational arenas.

As far back as the late 1960s, Sweden introduced mother tongue language education, or modersmålundervisning, into the school system due to high demand from immigrants.

The national curriculum states that students with a mother tongue other than Swedish should be given the opportunity to develop a mastery of their native language, which often serves as a bridge between the language spoken at school and the language spoken at home.

Hemspråk, as it is more commonly known, is a supplemental course of instruction to further develop a child’s first or native language and is to be provided upon request at no cost by the municipality.

“It’s of course taken on many forms and changed over the years,” says Mats Wemmerholm, the Director of Education for the Swedish National Agency for Education (Skolverket).

“But regardless it is very good to keep a student’s first language in tact and strong both for their self-esteem and better performance in school.”

Today almost one fifth of compulsory school students in Sweden have a foreign background, having been born abroad or born in Sweden to foreign-born parents, according to 2010 statistics from the education agency.

This amounts to more than 150 different languages or dialects reported to Swedish authorities within the country, of which 100 languages are taught through mother tongue studies.

The same report shows that of the 173,000 elementary level students enrolled in first language lessons, Arabic is the most popular instruction, reaching more than three times the number enrolled in second place Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian.

In the beginning, modersmålwas a course that students attended either before school or during their regular school day, substituting for another class.

Nowadays however, the majority of the mother tongue education is preformed outside of regular school hours in the late afternoon as a supplemental class.

“Most locales offer about an hour of instruction a week but there are some that offer up to three hours,” says Wemmerholm.

In theory, hemspråk should consist of both language education and cultural lessons from the country of the mother tongue.

It is graded according to the normal point system and should follow the nationally established general course plan, meaning students are expected to ascertain certain levels of comprehension.

However, the mother tongue language program has been controversial ever since it was hatched.

Due to Sweden’s decentralised approach to education, there are no regulations regarding the awareness, the duration or the specific content of mother tongue instruction.

This creates a vast discrepancy in the quality of the teaching.

“Local authorities have a responsibility to adhere to a national framework but the specific organisation of it was left open so as not to put too much pressure on local organisers,” explains Wemmerholm.

“One of our big problems is that the quality of mother tongue education differs greatly - it’s not as good as it could be.”

He also says it’s a challenge for municipalities to find well-qualified teachers, to find pupils willing to be taught an extra class and to find parents willing to be motivators.

“Parents are the key issue. Schools can contribute to support what’s being done at home but without collaboration and interest from the parents, well then it just shouldn’t be asked for,” Wemmerholm states.

Not all municipalities are capable of providing mother tongue instruction in all requested languages, which means some children have to travel to other communities to attend class, another potential wrench in the logistics.

Those making the case against native language study programmes in Sweden rely on a spectrum of arguments, everything from its impact on a child’s ability to “develop good Swedish” to its enabling of sub-communities to persist and even the facilitation of xenophobia.

The most widely circulating debate among critics, including members of the teachers’ federation, questions the idea that “good skills in a native language promote school success.”

Opponents of the native language education programme believe instead that immigrant children would gain more by strengthening their Swedish skills in place of mother tongue development.

Story continues below…

But Wemmerholm disagrees.

A recent study conducted by the National Agency for Education revealed that when comparing a group of students with similar foreign backgrounds, those who attended mother language instruction performed better in school than those who chose not to attend.

“I think it’s very interesting,” Wemmerholm says.

“If there is quality education, and a child attends with a positive attitude, then I can’t see any cons in being able to express oneself in multiple languages. Children make use of their first language to learn other languages.”

Defenders of mother tongue language instruction also argue that there is no substantiated evidence that learning several languages simultaneously disrupts a child’s general ability to learn, impedes their ability to learn Swedish or hinders their assimilation into Swedish society.

“If it’s good quality education, only good things will come from it,” Wemmerholm says.

While the controversy continues as to whether or not parents should elect to strengthen a child’s modersmål and to what extent a child’s education should be adapted to meet their multilingual challenges, Wemmerholm stands firm in his belief that quality mother tongue language instruction opens doors.

“Children naturally make use of their first language to learn other languages. Mother tongue education creates cultural identity, which builds self-esteem and opens one up to integration,” Wemmerholm concludes.

Karen Holst (kholstmedia@gmail.com)

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Your comments about this article

17:07 May 12, 2011 by TommySmith

You will never get rid of racism in schools so long it is supported at the top.

In schools in Mölndal West Sweden a reorganisation of comprehensive schools completely left out All foreign speaking Teachers.

This is supported by Politicians the School Management and School Unions. Foreign speaking pupils will no longer get support in their own language.

As for integration and anti-racism all foreign speaking Support Teachers are outside of the main stream school.


Parent of a English Home Language Pupil.

Tommy Smith
18:20 May 12, 2011 by Icarusty
If you look at what other countries (non European) do, they have English schools - they call them "International Schools" - but they are really for the white expats in the Middle/Far East/Latino America/Africa who do not want to integrate with the locals, whilst maintaining their country of origin's roots. For a long time this has worked well, no conflicts.

Maybe this should happen here too.
10:40 May 13, 2011 by elisabetta
I used to teach English as a Second language in a local mainstream school in England to ALL foreign students who needed this. BUT I must stress that I also never lost the will to support them in their own mother tongue. I used dual reading books, allowed them to write in their own language and then together translate it into English together. I involved parents by inviting them into school, keeping a Home/school diary of daily events, which I also translated for the parents and child to read together at home. There are lots of things that can be done to support these children.

I came to live here in Malmo in March of this year, not knowing any Swedish, just my mother tongue, so I am learning first hand again what it is like for a child with no English, Swedish on how it feels for them but I am experiencing this as an adult, so for a child its much harder.

I hope that the Swedish schools here are able in the future to accomodate everyone and that the children are fully supported in their learning.

It can be done with some hard work and determination!!

I know. I did it and would do it again if I manage to find a school that woule take me on.
13:59 May 13, 2011 by Grokh
Thats absurd. everyone knows that one of the things that generates racism in schools is the fact foreign kids create groups that talk in their own language thus separating them from swedish kids and pushing them away from integration.

If swedes want to integrate kids then they have to make sure their parents dont confuse the kid with 2 different cultures, one at school, and one at home.

thats whats usually the problem, not the war country old ppl that come but the second generation that are caught up between 2 cultures and become confused and angry ant society.
14:50 May 13, 2011 by vaniah
Comment: I'm surprised that arabic is the top hemspråk and not english... or is english not considered a foreign language here anymore??
17:15 May 13, 2011 by jomamas
Swedes: have a good look around - there will be no 'Sweden' in 50 years, just a legal entity called Sweden.

I speak from experience.

My hometown of Mississauga Canada was completely overrun by foreigners - whom individually I have nothing against - but imagine if you woke up one day and Stockholm were populated by 90% American, Somali and Chinese. Would it be Swedish? Of course note.

Mississauga has become about 75% foreign born and it's not a small place - nearly a million. It is highly functional and low crime - but there is no culture. There is absolutely NOTHING about it that makes it Canadian - other than the fact it happens to be on Canadian territory.

In 15 years there will be so many immigrants in Sweden they won't care about your language, your culture your history - and it will all get shot down in the courts.

Successfull Swedish business man, son of Somali immigrants - didn't really grow up with a lot of Swedish friends want to build a skyscraper in Stockholm. How are you going to stop him? By what legal measure are you going to defend the virtue of Swedish architecture when this man will 'create jobs' and 'boost the GDP;.

This is where the capitalist nonsense and the communist nonsense collide: the complete erosion of Swedish culture.


Don't ignore this.

In 10-15 years there will be a critical mass of people in Sweden who don't care about it like you do - and 'poof' - the end will be 20-30 years later.
19:17 May 13, 2011 by stateohio905
@jomamas, That is absolutely true, but it's evolution. The same happening in USA with Latino population.

I moved to Sweden because I like Sweden. Now I wonder what I'm doing here.
00:31 May 14, 2011 by NickO.
It's easy to just believe mother tongue in Sweden is limited to teaching Arabic/Eastern block languages etc. But there are also English mother tongue courses available if your child has English as their mother tongue; at least at Gymnasium/College level.

Figured certain readers here would be interested to learn this as it's nothing I was ever informed about.
00:46 May 14, 2011 by Puffin
@ TommySmith

Your kommun cannot just abolish hemspråk as it is a statutory requirment of the education act - i suggest you call the kommun Skolchef or Skolverkets helpline


Native tongue language teaching is a statutory requirement where students receive teaching from native tongue qualified teachers in the home language country

The home language can be studied up to Swedish GCSE level

As you are a qualifiied teacher you might be able to become an english hemspråk teacher

My children get hemspråk teaching in the English language from qualified teachers from the UK - it means they can study at a more advanced level than the school lessons for Swedes

... and unlike some of the prejudice here - having English lessons has not affected their ability to speak Swedish nor prevented them from having Swedish friends
10:49 May 14, 2011 by calebian22

English is obviously not high on this list, because most native English speakers in Sweden are only here due to affairs of the heart. Why would an Australian, UK'r or an American move to Sweden other than for love? (Yes, there are some but not many) For example, in my town, the number of native English speakers is under 6. One Arabic speaking family, of which there are many in my area, can have that many in the same household.
11:59 May 14, 2011 by Puffin
I beleive that English comes quite low down - the most common languages are

- arabic

- the balkan languages

- Finnish

Posibly Spanish and Danish as well these days
13:55 May 14, 2011 by Amber Dawn
In my SFI classes Arabic is top. There's also some French and Balkan languages. Out of 150 or so students, there are three of us who are native English speakers.
15:33 May 14, 2011 by Puffin
@ Amber Dawn

Don't understand you point exactly - what has SFI got tto do with this??? Modersmålsundervisning is for children aged 7-16 in school

However you are right that immigrant nationalities goes in waves - when I did SFI there were 25 in my class and i was the ONLY native English speaker

- 20 were from the balkans - mostly Bosinans but some Kosova-Albanians

- 1 from Italy

- 1 from Somalia

- 1 from Russia

- 1 from Canada - but French speaking

+ me from the UK

In fact I was the only native English speaker in the school's 4 SFI classes
17:50 May 14, 2011 by MarshaLynn
In the USA, there is controversy regarding the fact that so many "immigrants" -- most of them from Latin American nations -- do not desire to learn our language. They just want to come across our border illegally, use our services at American taxpayer expense, and be free to hate America openly while at the same time benefitting from our liberties and culture. There was a time when all immigrants who came here were expected to learn the language. There were no messages that said "For English, press 1, for Spanish, press 2." It was all in English, and one was expected to assimilate into and respect our culture. I am very aware that liberals desire the end of nation states and want us all to be just one big happy world without borders. Talk about lunacy. If you Swedes wish to preserve Sweden as Sweden, you better get off the multicultural bandwagon. Expect immigrants to learn to speak Swedish. Period.
11:19 May 15, 2011 by Puffin
@ MarshaLynn

Do you actally know anything about schools in Sweden or are you just assuming it is the same as the US system?? LOL Would you REALLY object to your child getting one hour of extra English each week??

The US has a bizaare system - a friends son was forced into a Spanish speaking class when they moved to the US because he had a hispanic name despite the fact that

a) neither he or his parents spoke any Spanish

b) his first language was Swedish

Then the school wanted him labelled as leaning disabled because he made such poor progress in Spanish !!!

The statistics that I have seem show that those least likely to learn Swedish are... ENGLISH speakers - how do you think we should force English speakers assimilate and learn Swedish then??? ;)

All schools including billingual schools (except for private international schools) are required to teach at least 50% of classes in Swedish - but most of our kids attend Swedish school so I really don't think that our kids getting an hour a week of tuition in their own language makes much difference one way or the other LOL
23:45 May 15, 2011 by mkvgtired
Puffin, I dont know the exact situation, but starting in 6th grade I was required to take a foreign language. Could that have possibly been the reason your friend's child was put in a Spanish class?
09:03 May 16, 2011 by Puffin
@ mkvgtired

No - it was some sort of special class for Spanish speaking immigrants mostly from Mexico where ALL subjects were taught in Spanish only. The little boy was aged 6 and going from kindergarten to year 1 - not year 6.

The school seemed to think that because his name was hispanic that he *must* be a Spanish speaker and accused his mother of trying to hide a learning disability with her claims that the boy was fluent in Swedish.

My friend's parents paid for private school so she could get hom out of there - although the teachers were shocked on the last day when the boys dad turned up from Sweden and the boy started speaking fluent Swedish

Basically there was some sort of ingrained prejudice in that school area that -

Hispanic name = native Spanish speaker
23:08 May 16, 2011 by helveeta
My son will have English hemspråk when he begins school this fall. Although I like the benefits to my family, it will help him read and write in English better, I disagree with the concept. We have moved to Sweden so we must therefore learn the language and integrate. My son speaks better Swedish than English from just attending dagis so we've done our part. I just don't understand why Sweden would waste taxpayer's money this way.

Also, in MY SFI class was:

1 Thailand

2 Kosovo

1 USA (me)

14 Iraq

1 Somalia

I was the ONLY native English speaker in the entire school of about 500 students. The only other whitish people were a couple of women from Russia.
00:00 May 17, 2011 by Just_Kidding
When a female posts a comment, it is not about the article, but something is taken from the the article to mention how cool she is. However, I think if a lady needs attention, she should consider high heels and miniskirts.
03:06 May 17, 2011 by soultraveler3

Saying that "The US has a bizaare system" because your friend experienced a bizarre situation in one school isn't really fair. One could ask you the same question you asked of Marshlynm if you changed the country to American instead of Sweden.

It's not my intention to argue, but what your friend claims to have experienced sounds rather far-fetched and is certainly not common. I'm not saying it didn't happen, but it just seems like there has to be more to the story. If there's not more to it, she should've taken steps to correct the situation.

Getting back to the article...

"Parents are the key issue. Schools can contribute to support what's being done at home but without collaboration and interest from the parents, well then it just shouldn't be asked for," Wemmerholm states."

As a hemspråk teacher, I couldn't agree with this more. We only have one hour per week with the children and it's frustrating when parents aren't involved. That's probably true with full-time teachers as well though.
03:46 May 17, 2011 by Douglas Garner
I think a key concept missing... on occasion... here in Sweden is that mödersmål should be taught by NATIVE language speakers. My daughters extra English lessons have been taught by Swedes and Spanish native speakers and have not helped her advance her skills at all since arriving in Sweden three years ago.

I have since taken responsibility for her supplemental training and have now seen rapid improvement. Without the NATIVE aspect, nearly all cultural reference is lost, plus dialect and even translation can be an issue. Additionally, most non-native speakers lack knowledge of idioms used and actually make home languages make sense. Even with English, it is important to discuss idiomatic differences between American, British, and Austrailian versions.
10:30 May 17, 2011 by helveeta
@Just_Kidding your comment has nothing to do at all with this article. What is the point of your post? To make yourself sound astute? Fail.
12:52 May 17, 2011 by Just_Kidding
@helveeta: I should have mentioned that I was talking about your comment.
12:53 May 17, 2011 by mame88
'If you look at what other countries (non European) do, they have English schools - they call them "International Schools" - but they are really for the white expats in the Middle/Far East/Latino America/Africa who do not want to integrate with the locals, whilst maintaining their country of origin's roots. For a long time this has worked well, no conflicts.'

That's not at all what International Schools are about. International Schools are there to serve the expat community, usually families who will be in the country for 1-3 years and want their children to have continuity in their education in their mother tongue. As someone who has put my kids into those sorts of schools it's absurd to portray them as some sort of hideaway for those who don't want to integrate.
14:30 May 17, 2011 by helveeta
@Just_Kidding. Ok but what part of my post makes me sound "cool??" The fact that I don't agree with Sweden paying for hemspråk? The fact that I went to SFI?? Not sure what sounds cool there. This is a subject I have been discussing with my friends and family lately since my 5 year old is beginning school soon so I have an interest in it. I comment on a lot of articles on this site because I have an opinion on how the country my family lives in functions. What are you doing here? To insult people's posts? Weird.
19:27 May 17, 2011 by DOZ
20:30 May 17, 2011 by Just_Kidding
@helveeta: in your comment we read that 1. you are from US of A while others are from Thailand, Kosovo, Iraq and Somalia, 2. you are the ONLY native English speaker in the entire school of about 500 students and 3. you are only one of the 3 whitish students. Unless we accept that being white, being from US of A and being a native English speaker is an extremely desirable human quality, these parts of information from your comments were not worth mentioning.
22:58 May 17, 2011 by LeoKinmann

it's very very amusing to hear your comments given you are from Canada. your country didn't have any indigenous culture to begin with. the only indigenous people, native Americans and Inuits suffered at the hands of the European colonizers. to put it short, you guys represent a colonial foreign culture that got gradually replaced by other foreign cultures who arrived via immigration. technically you have no right to complain, because your culture is not more "indigenous" only because it arrived to the continent two hundred years earlier than the cultures you dislike. stateohio905 is right. it's evolution. you are getting weeded out by the more competitive species. you have all the right to be angry but there is nothing you can do about natural selection.
10:10 May 18, 2011 by helveeta
@Just_Kidding, I was replying to Amber Dawn and Puffin's posts regarding being the only white people in their schools. I was commiserating with them. It's not easy being the only English speaking person trying to learn a new language, everyone speaking their native tongue, making new friends, helping each other in class--and then there's me eating lunch alone and struggling because the teacher won't even speak English to me. It isn't COOL it's MISERABLE you idiot! You are wrong just admit it.
11:11 May 18, 2011 by Puffin
@Douglas Garner

Yes it is preferable that the hemspråk teacher is a native teacher - but this is not always possible as the contracts are not so attractive with few hours and low pay. Many kommuns struggle to find anyone willing to do it.

We have had a variety of teachers including for 1 year a retired Swede who in fact was excellent at teaching grammar. At the moment we have native teachers - but they are not specifically employed as hemsråk teachers. Short of hiring an individual teacher for each child there is little that can be done it is just an extra that our children get

Are your kids Hemspråk teachers not following the National Curriculum for Modersmål undervisning then?


If you are unhappy you can always turn it down and withdraw you child - hemspråk is a voluntary curriculum extra. Strange that many parents have to fight for years to get it as it helps boost grades in year 9 where an extra MVG/VG may be useful.


Huh!!!!!!! Only "white people" where did you get that idea??? I said English speaker - everyone bar one person on my SFI was white

Although this is digressing from the point of talking hemspråk - Actually being in a linquistic minority had its benefits that school was more a study thing than a social thing for me - none of the Bosnians/Kosovars spoke English as they had learned Russian as the second language in school so Swedish was our language of communication - it worked for me as I was out of SFI with my final certificate after 11 weeks
14:14 May 18, 2011 by Uggla
I never heard of this before now, I they had it in my area but I am pretty sure they do not since it's redneckville. I would like my children to take these classes.

In regards to SFI:

I am the only english speaking woman/person in my SFI classes. It is lonely and weird. I sit alone most of the time. Not always a good feeling. I can tell you what, I am glad when class is over and I can go home. I don't feel like I fit in anywhere else. Not with the Swedish folk and not with the immigrants, and I don't think I ever will no matter how hard I try. Sweden is a very lonely place.
18:04 May 18, 2011 by helveeta
@Puffin, my bad, I should have said, "native English speaking," get your panties out of a knot. Don't make something out of NOTHING!!

@Uggla, I feel you. I would watch the clock and couldn't wait to go home! I was extremely lonely my first year in Sweden. Not sure how long you have been here but now being here for 2 years I finally have made some friends and am enjoying Sweden.
09:54 May 19, 2011 by Puffin

Call your kommun and ask. Some kommuns enforce the rule that there needs to be 5 speakers whereas others do not. Sometimes the kommun tells fibs to parents as well.

I live in a tiny rural kommun and fought a 7 year battle through the school to get hemspråk for my daughter as the kommun told lies that there were not 5 English speakers.

In the end I set aside a morning and rang each school in the kommun and asked the rektors for the names and school year of each native English-speaking child. I then e-mailed the list of the 10 children to my kommun - and within 2 hours the Skolchef called back to apologise for the "oversight" and oddering DD2 hemspråk - BUSTED LOL

When it comes to SFI the important thing is to focus on getting out of there - it may not be enjoyable and often isn't - but really it's best to move on as fast as you can - no point lingering at primary school level - although I did know someone who turned it into a career and did SFI for 10 years

@ helveeta


Why are you shouting at me for your own stupid error??? LOL

You are the one trying to make something of it ;-)
12:40 May 20, 2011 by Grokh
What annoys me is i moved to sweden and im learning the language but all i hear is arabic and its driving me nuts.

i think all nations should get in with the program, mother language + english, its easy its everywhere and its easier for the actual english speaking people who are too ignorant to learn any other language.

anything else just blocks integration and understanding.
15:21 May 20, 2011 by Damian
Sweden should be taught at school.

If the parents are not from Sweden but want their child to learn their language, then the parents should take responsibility for that.

Please, lets not turn into England.
16:56 May 20, 2011 by Puffin
@ Damian

What on earth are you talking about?

Of course Swedish is taught at school - it is compulsory to learn Swedish for 12 years at school!!!

I'm not sure how you teach "Sweden" though :-)
18:58 May 20, 2011 by cmbsweden
¨Has it occurred to anyone that with the advent of the EU, having English as a 2nd language is just common sense? I work for an international company with huge dealings throughout Europe, and like it or not, that is the international language for business (as well as for other aspects of life).

I have no insistance that taxpayers pay for my daughter to learn English in school, as I am more than willing to take on that responsibility myself. Every bit of English she knows now has come from me, and she is totally fluent in both Swedish and English having just turned 7 years old. She is considered ahead of her class in her Swedish language skills, and she has been speaking both languages since she could first speak, so whether or not empirical data shows children struggle with Swedish because they also speak another language at home as well, I can't say. I just know it has not affected her individually.
10:56 May 21, 2011 by Puffin

This is why English is a compulsory Swedish national curriculum subject for 10-12 years that they are in school

Fluency in English is expected of all Swedish high school leavers as they will be expected to read texts and attend lectures in both languages when they attend University

- imagine the scene if a UK/US first year student was expected to study history by reading a textbook in Spanish or French

- for example my husband studied medicine and was expected to read texts in Danish, Swedish, English and German

Most research shows that kids benefit from having a strong modersmål as understanding your own language helps you learn better Swedish - as you have found - but not all children have the benefits of parents that can teach them to read and write as parents don't have these skills themselves if they grew up in countries with no opportunities for attending school
13:04 May 24, 2011 by Scambaiter
It would help if Karin Holst started by using the up-to-date English term "native language" and not the outdated term "mother tongue" (which also happens to be a direct translation of the Swedish. Dear oh dear.
13:49 May 25, 2011 by PoJo

Going through the comments of this article, I find yours really dumb, sorry to say that. What does skin color have to do with anything in your SFI class? Racist much? This article is not about SFI, anyway. It is about modersmål undervisning, get informed about what this is, please!

And the fact that you sit alone eating your lunch, your SWEDISH teacher not speaking to you in english ( you poor thing, why are u leaning swedish then, anyway?), and all this, comes from the simple reason that you might think yourself better than others. Well, wrong! Learn Swedish like all other people and integrate speaking swedish, not english!
17:36 June 2, 2011 by cmbsweden

I agree with you totally. One of the things I think the USA is so shortsighted on is the fact that a 2nd language is not a requirement. I know it has hurt me in learning Swedish.

And yes you are also correct in the situation where the parents themselves were never given an opportunity to learn to read and write in their native land.
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Fury at plans that 'threaten the IB's survival' in Sweden
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This is Malmö: Football capital of Sweden
Analysis & Opinion
Are we just going to let half the country die?
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Where is the Swedish music industry heading?
Angry elk chases Swede up a lamp post
The Local Voices
'Alienation in Sweden feels better: I find myself a stranger among scores of aliens'
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Why you should 'grab a chair' on Stockholm's tech scene
People-watching: October 20th
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Swedish for programmers: 'It changed my life'
The Local Voices
A layover at Qatar airport brought this Swedish-Kenyan couple together - now they're heading for marriage
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Stockholm: creating solutions to global challenges
Swede punches clown that scared his grandmother
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Why you should 'grab a chair' on Stockholm's tech scene
Fans throw flares and enter pitch in Swedish football riot
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Where is the Swedish music industry heading?
Could Swedish blood test solve 'Making a Murderer'?
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One expat's strategy for making friends in Stockholm
Swedish school to build gender neutral changing room
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Nordic fashion in focus at Stockholm University
People-watching: October 14th-16th
Man in Sweden assaulted by clowns with broken bottle
Nobel Prize 2016: Literature
Watch the man who discovered Bob Dylan react to his Nobel Prize win
Record numbers emigrating from Sweden
People-watching: October 12th
The Local Voices
'Swedish startups should embrace newcomers' talents - there's nothing to fear'
How far right are the Sweden Democrats?
The Local Voices
Syria's White Helmets: The Nobel Peace Prize would have meant a lot, but pulling a child from rubble is the greatest reward
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