At the time, police estimated around 150 AIK supporters and roughly 75 IFK Gothenburg supporters were involved in clashes which first erupted the day prior to a match between the two clubs in Gothenburg in western Sweden.
One person was sent to hospital following the brawl, which lasted for several hours.
The sentences handed down by the court ranged between four and six months.
The accused were also given probation, fines and community work.
The punishments reflect the seriousness of the crimes, as well as the ages and criminal records of those involved, the court said in a statement.
The accused, between 18 and 42 years old, "mirrored society", daily newspaper Göteborgs-Posten (GP) wrote, noting that the group included family men with jobs, as well as people with a criminal background.
Four other defendants were acquitted.