How to make Swedish smoked eel canapés

Throwing a summer party? Impress your guests with these tasty smoked eel (rökt ål) snacks. Food writer John Duxbury shares his top tips for making them with The Local.

How to make Swedish smoked eel canapés
Smoked eel canapés. Photo: John Duxbury
1/2 a red onion
1 tbsp white wine vinegar
1 tsp granulated sugar
16 pieces of good quality knäckebröd (Swedish crispbread)
4 slices of flat smoked eel (giving a total length of about 15cm 
Black pepper, freshly ground
3 tbsp half-fat crème fraîche
Herbs for garnish, such as marjoram, chives or parsley
1. Put the finely chopped red onion in a small bowl. Add the vinegar and sugar and stir. Leave to marinate for about half an hour.
2. Break the knäckebröd into suitably sized pieces for canapés.
3. Cut the smoked eel into pieces (about 2.5cm x 1cm). Place one piece of eel on half of each piece of knäckebröd. Season lightly with freshly ground black pepper.
4. Drain the onion and discard the marinade. Make sure it is well drained. Place a half teaspoon of the chopped onion on the other half of each piece of knäckebröd next to smoked eel.
5. Place a dollop of crème fraîche on top of the eel and onion.
6. Garnish with herb leaves and serve.

Swedish eels. Photo: Björn Larsson Rosvall/TT/SCANPIX 
– The canapés will keep for about an hour, but are best served fairly soon after you make them otherwise the knäckebröd will become soggy.
– Buy flat smoked slices of eel if you can. These are smoked without the bone and sliced thinly. Although it is slightly more expensive, it is less gelatinous, better value and highly recommended.
– Use half fat crème fraîche, you don't need to use the full fat version because there is enough fat in the eel.
– If you think your guests may be prejudiced against trying eel don’t tell them what it is! Most people like these canapés and will be surprised to discover that they have been eating eel.
– Use a good quality knäckebröd.  Some come in small boxes and have herbs or spices added. Or here's now to make your own.
This recipe was originally published on food writer John Duxbury's Swedish Food website.
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Five sweet treats you should be able to identify if you live in Sweden

Do you know your biskvi from your bakelse? Your chokladboll from your kanelbulle? Here's a guide guaranteed to get your mouth watering.

Five sweet treats you should be able to identify if you live in Sweden


The most famous of all Swedish cakes outside Sweden, the classic kanelbulle (cinnamon bun) is the symbol of Sweden abroad, no doubt helped by the fact that Swedish furniture giants IKEA stock frozen buns in their food stores for customers to bake off at home.

Forget American tear-apart cinnamon rolls baked in a pan and slathered with cream cheese frosting: a classic Swedish cinnamon bun is baked individually using a yeasted dough spread with cinnamon sugar and butter. The dough is then rolled up, sliced into strips which are then stretched out and knotted into buns, baked, glazed with sugar syrup and sprinkled with pearl sugar.

Home-made varieties skip the stretching and knotting step, rolling the cinnamon-sprinkled dough into a spiral instead which, although less traditional, tastes just as good.

Kanelbullar in Sweden often include a small amount of Sweden’s favourite spice: cardamom. If you’re a fan of cardamom, try ordering the kanelbulle‘s even more Swedish cousin, the kardemummabulle or cardamom bun, which skips the cinnamon entirely and goes all-out on cardamom instead.

Sweden celebrates cinnamon bun day (kanelbullens dag) on October 4th.

Photo: Lieselotte van der Meijs/


A great option if you want a smaller cake for your fika, the chokladboll or ‘chocolate ball’ is a perfect accompaniment to coffee – some recipes even call for mixing cold coffee into the batter.

They aren’t baked and are relatively easy to make, meaning they are a popular choice for parents (or grandparents) wanting to involve children in the cake-making process.

Chokladbollar are a simple mix of sugar, oats, melted butter and cocoa powder, with the optional addition of vanilla or coffee, or occasionally rum extract. They are rolled into balls which are then rolled in desiccated coconut (or occasionally pearl sugar), and placed in the fridge to become more solid.

Some bakeries or cafés also offer dadelbollar or rawbollar/råbollar (date or raw balls), a vegan alternative made from dried dates and nuts blended together with cocoa powder.

Chocolate ball day (chokladbollens dag) falls on May 11th.

Photo: Magnus Carlsson/


The lime-green prinsesstårta or ‘princess cake’ may look like a modern invention with it’s brightly-coloured marzipan covering, but it has been around since the beginning of the 1900s, and is named after three Swedish princesses, Margareta, Märta and Astrid, who were supposedly especially fond of the cake.

The cake consists of a sponge bottom spread with jam, crème pâtissière and a dome of whipped cream, covered in green marzipan and some sort of decoration, often a marzipan rose.

Prinsesstårtor can also be served in individual portions, small slices of a log which are then referred to as a prinsessbakelse.

Although the cakes are popular all year round, in the Swedish region of Småland, prinsesstårta is eaten on the first Thursday in March, due to this being the unofficial national day of the Småland region (as the phrase första torsdagen i mars is pronounced fössta tossdan i mass in the Småland dialect).

Since 2004, the Association of Swedish Bakers and Confectioners has designated the last week of September as prinsesstårtans vecka (Princess cake day).

Photo: Sinikka Halme, Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0.


Belonging to the more traditional cakes, a Budapestbakelse or “Budapest slice” is a type of rulltårta or “roll cake” similar to a Swiss roll, consisting of a light and crispy cake made from whipped egg whites, sugar and hazelnut, filled with whipped cream and fruit, often chopped conserved peaches, nectarines or mandarines, and rolled into a log.

The log is then sliced into individual portions and drizzled with chocolate, then often topped with whipped cream and a slice of fruit. 

Despite its name, the Budapest slice has nothing to do with the city of Budapest – it was supposedly invented by baker Ingvar Strid in 1926 and received the name due to Strid’s love for the Hungarian capital.

Of course, the Budapestbakelse also has its own day – May 1st.

Kanelbullar (left), chokladbollar (centre) and biskvier (right). Photo: Tuukka Ervasti/


Another smaller cake, a biskvi (pronounced like the French biscuit), consists of an almond biscuit base, covered in buttercream (usually chocolate flavoured), and dark chocolate.

Different variants of biskvier exist, such as a Sarah Bernhardt, named after the French actress of the same name, which has chocolate truffle instead of buttercream.

You might also spot biskvier with white chocolate, often with a hallon (raspberry) or citron (lemon) filling, or even saffransbiskvier around Christmastime.

Chokladbiskviens dag is celebrated on November 11th.