Did Malmö fans just win the Champions League?

Malmö have had their Europe dreams crushed by Real Madrid in the Champions League, but their fans were widely praised on Wednesday after a stunning show of support in the face of an 8-0 defeat.

Did Malmö fans just win the Champions League?
Malmö FF coach Åge Hareide thanks the fans after the match. Photo: AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza

Already out of Champions League, Malmö had their hopes of making it into the Europa League finals dashed by Real Madrid with an 0-8 mauling away in Spain on Tuesday evening.

“I'm like a wounded animal when I get a loss like this, but at the same time I think I take it sensibly. Life goes on, even if it's very bad to end in this way,” said Åge Hareide after the game.

It was the Norwegian coach's last match before his contract runs out.

“I thanked them for the match and wished the guys a merry Christmas. What are you supposed to say when everyone is so down? I'm very fond of the guys and have said so much before,” he said.

Some 3,500 Malmö fans who had travelled to Madrid did their best to keep spirits up, continuing to chant and cheer for their team even when the humiliating match was drawing to an end.

“It was 8-0 and they were singing as if we had won the Swedish Championship. If we won a match at all, it was the one in the stands,” impressed defence player Anton Tinnerholm told Sydsvenskan.

But the Malmö footballers apologized for not offering the fans a more spectacular performance in return.

“It's bad towards the fans, they did an amazing job even in the last game of the year and they had deserved more,” said Jo Inge Berget.

“After the match they even called us out to thank us. We should be thanking them,” added Oscar Lewicki.

Meanwhile, Real Madrid's Cristiano Ronaldo continued his record-breaking form in the Champions League by becoming the first player to score 11 goals in a single season of the group stages.

The World Player of the Year broke the previous record of nine held by himself in 2013/14 and Luiz Adriano for Shakhtar Donetsk last season by scoring four goals against the Swedish champions.

Ronaldo now has 88 Champions League goals to his name, nine more than Barcelona rival Lionel Messi.

The Portuguese scored all 11 of his goals in just four games after netting a hat-trick at home to Shakhtar Donetsk and doubles away to the Ukrainians and Malmö in September.


US criminologist lauds Malmö for anti-gang success

The US criminologist behind the anti-gang strategy designed to reduce the number of shootings and explosions in Malmö has credited the city and its police for the "utterly pragmatic, very professional, very focused" way they have put his ideas into practice.

US criminologist lauds Malmö for anti-gang success
Johan Nilsson/TT

In an online seminar with Malmö mayor Katrin Stjernfeldt Jammeh, David Kennedy, a professor at New York’s John Jay College of Criminal Justice, said implementing his Group Violence Intervention (GVI) strategy had gone extremely smoothly in the city.

“What really stands out about the Malmö experience is contrary to most of the places we work,” he said. “They made their own assessment of their situation on the ground, they looked at the intervention logic, they decided it made sense, and then, in a very rapid, focused and business-like fashion, they figured out how to do the work.”

He said that this contrasted with police and other authorities in most cities who attempt to implement the strategy, who tend to end up “dragging their feet”, “having huge amounts of political infighting”, and coming up with reasons why their city is too different from other cities where the strategy has been a success.

Malmö’s Sluta Skjut (Stop Shooting) pilot scheme was extended to a three-year programme this January, after its launch in 2018 coincided with a reduction in the number of shootings and explosions in the city.

“We think it’s a good medicine for Malmö for breaking the negative trend that we had,” Malmö police chief Stefan Sintéus said, pointing to the fall from 65 shootings in 2017 to 20 in 2020, and in explosions from 62 in 2017 to 17 in 2020.

A graph from Malmö police showing the reduction in the number of shootings from 2017 to 2020. Graph: Malmö Police
A graph from Malmö police showing the reduction in the number of explosions in the city between 2017 and 2020. Graph: Malmö Police


In their second evaluation of the programme, published last month, Anna-Karin Ivert, Caroline Mellgren, and Karin Svanberg, three criminologists from Malmö University, reported that violent crime had declined significantly since the program came into force, and said that it was possible that the Sluta Skjut program was partly responsible, although it was difficult to judge exactly to what extent. 

The number of shootings had already started to decline before the scheme was launched, and in November 2019, Sweden’s national police launched Operation Rimfrost, a six-month crackdown on gang crime, which saw Malmö police reinforced by officers from across Sweden.

But Kennedy said he had “very little sympathy” for criminologists critical of the police’s decision to launch such a massive operation at the same time as Sluta Skjut, making it near impossible to evaluate the programme.

“Evaluation is there to improve public policy, public policy is not there to provide the basis for for sophisticated evaluation methodology,” he argued.

“When people with jobs to do, feel that they need to do things in the name of public safety, they should follow their professional, legal and moral judgement. Not doing something to save lives, because it’s going to create evaluation issues, I think, is simply privileging social science in a way that it doesn’t deserve.”

US criminologist David Kennedy partaking in the meeting. Photo: Richard Orange

Sluta Skjut has been based around so-called ‘call-ins’, in which known gang members on probation are asked to attend meetings, where law enforcement officials warn them that if shootings and explosions continue, they and the groups around them will be subject to intense focus from police.

At the same time, social workers and other actors in civil society offer help in leaving gang life.

Of the 250-300 young men who have been involved in the project, about 40 have been sent to prison, while 49 have joined Malmö’s ‘defector’ programme, which helps individuals leave gangs.

Kennedy warned not to focus too much on the number of those involved in the scheme who start to work with social services on leaving gang life.

“What we find in in practice is that most of the impact of this approach doesn’t come either because people go to prison or because they take services and leave gang life,” he said.

“Most of the impact comes from people simply putting their guns down and no longer being violent.”

“We think of the options as continuing to be extremely dangerous, or completely turning one’s life around. That’s not realistic in practice. Most of us don’t change that dramatically ever in our lives.”

He stressed the importance of informal social control in his method, reaching those who gang members love and respect, and encouraging them to put pressure on gang members to abstain from gun violence.

“We all care more about our mothers than we care about the police, and it turns out that if you can find the guy that this very high risk, very dangerous person respects – literally, you know, little old ladies will go up to him and get his attention and tell him to behave himself. And he will.”