Bottles containing a flammable liquid were thrown into the chapel located in the Jewish cemetery on Föreningsgatan in central Malmö at 5.24am on Tuesday. A small fire broke out and emergency services were called to the scene.
Fire-fighters quickly bought the fire under control and little damage is reported to have been inflicted on the chapel.
"The fire was extinguished at 5.37am," an operator at SOS Alarm said to Sydsvenska Dagbladet.
Malmö police confirm that this is the third time in recent weeks that the chapel has been the target of attacks.
The Israeli embassy in Stockholm has been targeted with offensive graffiti, and a Jewish centre in Helsingborg has been the subject of repeated arson attacks, as tensions rise, and the bombing of Gaza continues.