The decision comes after a years-long legal battle to have the Sami name for the city, Ubmeje – which means 'roaring river' – officially recognized.
“Of course I'm disappointed, but not surprised,” Michael Lindblad, the chairperson of Såhkie Umeå Sami Association told The Local. He described the decision as “lazy” and said that authorities had based their decision on “old beliefs and old research”, rather than taking into account more recent findings related to Sami language and names.
“The history of the Sami people has not been fully recognized and researched, so the authorities argue that the name Ubmeje was used to refer to the area from a remote position, not by people who lived here. But the Sami way of life was nomadic, so this doesn't make sense,” said Lindblad.
Umeå municipality submitted the application to Lantmäteriet, the Swedish land registration authority, in 2012, asking for the Sami name Ubmeje to be included in the authority's geodata, meaning it would appear on maps and could be used on signage too.
Two years earlier, the Umeå municipality was included in the administrative area for the Sami people, meaning that Sami people in the area were entitled to use their native language in contact with local authorities, as well as to have preschool or elderly care offered in the Sami language. There are currently 19 such areas across Sweden.
Another reason for the application was the fact that Umeå was named the European Capital of Culture for 2014, as well as the practical reason that the name Ubmeje is already used in the names of several organizations.
The Sami people are indigenous to Sweden and other parts of Scandinavia, where they have lived since the last Ice Age over 10,000 years ago. In parts of Norway and Finland, Sami street signs already exist, but the idea is relatively new in Sweden. Public service broadcaster Sveriges Radio began programming in Sami languages in 1952 – 13 years after it launched programming in English and German.
However, Lantmäteriet took advice from the Swedish Institute for Language and Folklore, which recommended that the name Ubmeje not be used in signage. This was based on a 2009 study, which concluded that the city of Umeå was not part of the Ume Sami region.
The land registration authority followed their recommendation and denied the application, but in 2013 the municipality appealed. Now, the Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation has rejected this appeal.
Peter Steggo, a minorities coordinator at the municipal council, told Sveriges Radio that he would investigate the possibility of appealing the decision again, but Lindblad said the Såhkie Association would continue to use the city's Sami name in any case.
“There will be a time when authorities will have to recognize [Sami names], but it takes time because not a lot of research of Sami history has been done in this area,” he said. “We will continue to use the name anyway, and will continue to talk to the municipality about it.”
Further north-west in Sweden, local politicians in the tiny town of Arjeplog (Árjepluovve in Sami) have been campaigning for Sami street signs, and in November last year the municipal council (kommunfullmäktige) agreed.
That decision was dependent on the change being financed externally, and Swedish Liberal party member Lars-Nila Lasko, who campaigned for the change, told The Local at the time that he expected the project to take two to three years to come to fruition.